HISTORY of the JEWS - III:

KINGS: Saul to David

(Page 1 of 4)

 

 

 

159. Saul asked Jesse / Abner to bring David to him.
160. Saul did / did not know who David was. [H, 360]
161. Saul met David before / after David killed Goliath.

1SAM 16:19, Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me David thy son, which is with the sheep. ... 16:21, And David came to Saul, and stood before him ... 50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
-----------------------
1SAM 17:55-58, And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is. And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. AndSaul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.

 

 

162. David was / was not detained at Saul's court. [H, 331]

1SAM 16:21 And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armour bearer.
-----------------------
1SAM 17:15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.

 

 

163. David was / was not a man of war before he fought Goliath.

1SAM 16:18, Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and the LORD is with him.
-----------------------
1SAM 17:33, And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. ... 38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. 39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.

 

 

164. David / Elhanan killed Goliath.

1SAM 17:50, Thus David bested the Philistine with sling and stone; struck him down and killed him. David had no sword; (TAN)

[NOTE: LXX and NAB agree. - p.b.]

-----------------------
2SAM 21:19, ... Elhanan son of Jaare-oregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite whose spear had a shaft like a weaver's bar. (TAN)

[NOTE: LXX and NAB agree. - p.b.]/p

 

 

165. Elhanan killed Goliath / Goliath's brother.[B, 98; H, 336]

2SAM 21:19, ... Elhanan son of Jaare-oregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite whose spear had a shaft like a weaver's bar.(TAN)

[NOTE: LXX and NAB agree. - p.b.]

-----------------------
2SAM 21:19, ... Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. (KJV)

 

 

166. David paid Saul 100 / 200 Philistine foreskins for his daughter Michal. [H, 382]
(And there's plenty more where those came from.)

2SAM 3:14, And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines.
-----------------------
1SAM 18:27, Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.

 

 

167. Saul did / did not inquire of the Lord. [H, 359]

1SAM 28:6, And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
-----------------------
1CHR 10:13, So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it; 14 And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

 

 

168. The Amalekites were / were not completely destroyed five times.
(Those damn Amalekites!)

GEN 14:1, And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; ... 7 And they returned and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, ... 12 And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

1SAM 15:7-8, And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt. And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the peoplewith the edge of the sword. ... 20 And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. ... 32-33, Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past. And Samuel said, As the sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.

1SAM 27:8-9, AndDavid and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive , and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.

1SAM 30:1, And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; ... 17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.

1CHR4:43 And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped, and dwelt there unto this day.
-----------------------
EST 3:1, After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.*

*This happened during the Jews' captivity in Babylon, long after David's time. - p.b.

 

 

169. Saul was killed by himself / an Amalekite / the Philistines / the LORD. [H, 359]

1SAM 31:3-4, And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
-----------------------
2SAM 1:6-10, And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him. And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I. And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite. He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me. So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.
-----------------------
2SAM 21:12, And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa:
-----------------------
1CHR 10:13-14, So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it; And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

 

 

170. All of Saul's sons did / did not die with him. [H,360]

1CHR 10:6, So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together.

1SAM 31:2, And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons. ... 6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
-----------------------
2SAM 2:7, Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them. 8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; 9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.

 

 

171. Dagon's temple was / was not closed in Samuel's lifetime.

1SAM 5:5, Therefore neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day. ... 7:3, And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying....
-----------------------
1CHR 10:8-10, And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa. And when they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people. And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon.

 

 

172. David was fearful of / friendly with Achish. [H, 332]

1SAM 21:12, And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 13 And he changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard.
-----------------------
1SAM 27:3, And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.

1SAM 29:6, Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: ... 9 And Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou art good in my sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle.

 

 

173. David's chief captains ("the three mighties") included Joab / Adino.
174. One of David's chief captains killed 300 / 800 men at one time. [H, 383]

1CHR 11:6, And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief ... 11 And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time. 12 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighties.
-----------------------
2SAM 23:8, These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite [Jashobeam] that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. 9 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

 

 

175. David brought the ark of the covenant to Obededom's house before / after defeating the Philistines.

1CHR 13:6-7, And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it. And they carried the ark of God in a new cart out of the house of Abinadab: ... 13 So David brought not the ark home to himself to the city of David, but carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.

1CHR 14:16, David therefore did as God commanded him: and they smote the host of the Philistines from Gibeon even to Gazer.
-----------------------
2SAM 5:25, And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.

2SAM 6:3, And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab ... 10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.

 

 

176. Obededom was a Gittite / Levite. [H, 339]

2SAM 6:10, So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.
-----------------------
1CHR 15:17, So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari their brethren, Ethan the son of Kushaiah; 18 And with them their brethren of the second degree, Zechariah, Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, the porters. ....

 

 

177. The ark of the covenant was at Abinadab's house 20 / more than 47 years.

1SAM 7:1-2, And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD. (KJV)

1SAM 10:24, And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the LORD hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And all the people shouted, and said, God save the king [Saul]. (KJV)
-----------------------
ACT 13:21, Then they asked for a king. God gave them Saul, son of Kish, a man from the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years. (NAB)

2SAM 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah. 6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. (KJV)

2SAM 6:2-3, And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims. And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. (KJV)

[NOTE: 1SAM 7:1-2 & SAM 10:24 say that the ark stayed in Abinadab's house 20 years, and that this was before Saul was king. ACT 13:21 says that Saul reigned 40 years. 2SAM 5:4-7 says that David succeeded Saul as king and reigned 7 1/2 years in Hebron before entering Jerusalem. The ark did not leave Abinadab's house until after David was established in Jerusalem. So, 40 + 7 1/2 = more than 47. - p.b.]

 

 

178. David went to Jerusalem before / after he took Zion by force.

1SAM 17:54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent. 55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine,....
-----------------------
2SAM 5:4, David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah. 6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.)

 

 

179. God forbade David to build a temple because He doesn't dwell in houses / David is a man of war. [H, 331]

1CHR 17:4, Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in: 5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another. 6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars?
-----------------------
1CHR 28:3, But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.

 

 

180. Michal was angry at David for dancing / uncovering himself.

2SAM 6:14, And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod. ... 16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart. ...
-----------------------
2SAM 6:20, Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!

 

 

181. Ahimelech / Abiathar was one of David's priests. [H, 332]
182. Seraiah / Sheva was David's scribe. [H, 332]
183. David's sons only / and Ira were chief rulers. [H, 332]

2SAM 8:16, And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; 17 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; 18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
-----------------------
2SAM 20:23, Now Joab the son of Zeruiah was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites: 24 And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder: 25 And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests; 26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.

 


 

R. Paul Buchman 2010-2011