HISTORY of the JEWS - III:

KINGS: Jehoshaphat to Zedekiah

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234. Jehoshaphat did / did not remove the high places.

2CHR 17:5-6, Therefore the LORD stablished the kingdom in his hand; and all Judah brought to Jehoshaphat presents; and he had riches and honour in abundance. And his heart was lifted up in the ways of the LORD: moreover he took away the high places and groves out of Judah.
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1KIN 22:42 Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi. 43, And he walked in all the ways of Asa his father; he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes of the LORD: nevertheless the high places were not taken away; for the people offered and burnt incense yet in the high places.

 

 

235. Jehoshaphat did / did not decline Ahaziah's aid. [H, 346]

1KIN 22:49 Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy servants in the ships. But Jehoshaphat would not.
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2CHR 20:35 And after this did Jehoshaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, who did very wickedly: 36 And he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish: and they made the ships in Eziongeber.

 

 

236. Jehoshaphat was king of Judah / Israel.

2CHR 20:31 And Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah: he was thirty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.
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2CHR 21:1 Now Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned in his stead. 2 And he had brethren the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah: all these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel.

 

 

237. Jehoram of Israel / Judah began to reign first.
("After you." "No, after you.")

2KIN 8:16 And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign.[i.e., Jehoram of Judah began to reign in the 5th year of Joram, king of Israel. - p.b.]

[NOTE 1: "Jehoram of Judah succeeded his father Jehoshaphat during the reign of Ahaziah of Israel." - NAB, p.328, footnote. Italics mine. - p.b.]
[NOTE 2: 2KIN 3:1 "Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years."" This synchronism with Joram (Jehoram) of Israel agrees with that in 3.1, not with that in 1.17." - OAB, p.465, footnote. Italics in the original. - p.b.]

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2KIN 1:17 So he [Ahaziah] died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son. [i.e. Jehoram of Israel began to reign in the 2nd year of Jehoram, king of Judah. - p.b.]

 

 

238. Jehoram of Israel began to reign in the 2nd year of Jehoram / 18th year of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah.

2KIN 1:17 So he [Ahaziah] died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.
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2KIN 3:1 Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.

 

 

239. The sons of Jehoram of Judah were taken captive / put to death. [H, 346]

2CHR 21:16,  Moreover the LORD stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians: 17 And they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king's house, and his sons also, and his wives; so that there was never a son left him, save Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons.
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2CHR 22:1, And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his stead: for the band of men that came with the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest. So Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah reigned.

[SEE ALSO: #580 in III2, Genealogy, for the discrepancy between the identities of Jehoram's youngest son (Jehoahaz or Ahaziah). - p.b.]

 

 

240. Ahaziah of Judah was 22 / 42 years old when he began to reign.

2KIN 8:26, Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem.
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2CHR 21:20, [Jehoram was] Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and departed ... 2CHR 22:1, And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his stead ...

2CHR 22:2, Forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign. [But his father had died at age 40 (32+8). - p.b.]

 

 

241. Ahaziah of Judah began to reign in the 12th / 11th year of Joram. [B, 99]

2KIN 8:25, In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign.
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2KIN 9:29, And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah.

 

 

242. Ahaziah of Judah died on the run / in Jehu's court. [H, 364]

2KIN 9:27, But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.
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2CHR 22:9, And he sought Ahaziah: and they caught him, (for he was hid in Samaria,) and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him, they buried him: Because, said they, he is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought the LORD with all his heart. So the house of Ahaziah had no power to keep still the kingdom.

 

 

243. Jotham of Judah reigned 16 / at least 20 years.

2KIN 15:32-33, In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign. Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok.
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2KIN 15:30, And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.

 

 

244. The kings of Syria and Israel did / did not conquer Ahaz.

2CHR 28:1, Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: but he did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD, like David his father: ... 5 Wherefore the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him, and carried away a great multitude of them captives, and brought them to Damascus. And he was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who smote him with a great slaughter. 6 For Pekah the son of Remaliah slew in Judah an hundred and twenty thousand in one day, which were all valiant men; because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers.
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2KIN 16:5. Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.

 

 

245. Ahaz was / was not buried with his fathers. [H, 364]

2KIN 16:20, And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.
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ISA 14:20, Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned... 28 In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.

 

 

246. Reversing the sundial was a sign that God would heal Hezekiah / defend Jerusalem.

2KIN 20:7-11, And Isaiah said, Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil, and he recovered. And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What shall be the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day? And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees? And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees. And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.
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ISA 38:4-8, Then came the word of the LORD to Isaiah, saying, Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years. And I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria: and I will defend this city. And this shall be a sign unto thee from the LORD, that the LORD will do this thing that he hath spoken; Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.

 

 

247. There was no greater king before or after Hezekiah / Josiah.

2KIN 18:1, Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. ... 5 He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him.
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2KIN 23:24, Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD. 25 And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.

 

 

248. Manasseh / Josiah ended idolatry. [H, 348]
249. Josiah destroyed Baalism in the 12th / 18th year of his reign.

2CHR 33:13 ... Then Manasseh knew that the LORD he was God. ... 15 And he took away the strange gods, and the idol out of the house of the LORD, and all the altars that he had built in the mount of the house of the LORD, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city. 16 And he repaired the altar of the LORD, and sacrificed thereon peace offerings and thank offerings, and commanded Judah to serve the LORD God of Israel.
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2KIN 22:1 Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. ... :3 And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah ...23:8 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beersheba, and brake down the high places of the gates that were in the entering in of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city. ... 14 And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men.
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2CHR 34:1, Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years. ... 3 For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young, he began to seek after the God of David his father: and in the twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem from the high places, and the groves, and the carved images, and the molten images. 4 And they brake down the altars of Baalim in his presence ....

 

 

250. Josiah died in Megiddo / Jerusalem. [H, 376]

2KIN 23:29, In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him. 30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre.
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2CHR 35:23, And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, Have me away; for I am sore wounded. 24 His servants therefore ... brought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers....

 

 

251. Jehoiakim died in Babylon / beyond Jerusalem. [H, 374]

2CHR 36:5-6, Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God. Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon.
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2KIN 24:1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him. 2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.
JER 22:18-19, Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, saying, Ah my brother! or, Ah sister! they shall not lament for him, saying, Ah lord! or, Ah his glory! He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem.

 

 

252. Jehoiakim did / did not have a son succeed him. [H, 346]

2KIN 24:6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.
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JER 36:30 Therefore thus saith the LORD of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.

 

 

253. Jehoachin became king at 18 / 8 years old and reigned 3 months only / and 10 days.

2KIN 24:8, Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
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2CHR 36:9, Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.

 

 

254. Jehoiachin got out of prison on the 25th / 27th day of the 12th month.

JER 52:31, And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison,
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2KIN 25:27, And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison;

 

 

255. Nebuchadnezzar reigned in Nineveh / Babylon.

JUDI 1:1, It was the twelfth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Assyrians in the great city of Nineveh. (NAB)
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2KIN 24:1, During his reign Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, moved against him, .... (NAB)

 

 

256. Nebuchadnezzar took at least 18,000 / 4,600 captives to Babylon.

2KIN 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. ... 14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land. ... 16 And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.
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JER 52:28 This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty: 29 In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons: 30 In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all the persons were four thousand and six hundred.

 

 

257. The temple burned on the 7th / 10th day of the 5th month.

2KIN 25:8-9, And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem: And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house burnt he with fire.
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JER 52:12-13, Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem, And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire:

 

 

258. The captain of the Nebuchadnezzar's guard took 5 / 7 men who were close to King Zedekiah.

2KIN 25:18-19, And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door: And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city:
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JER 52:24-25, And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door: He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war; and seven men of them that were near the king's person, which were found in the city; and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city.

 

 


R. Paul Buchman 2010-2011