JESUS - I:

ANNUNCIATION to TRANSFIGURATION

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286. The Annunciation occurred before / after Mary had conceived Jesus. [H, 406]
287. The Annunciation was given to Mary / Joseph.[H, 406]

LUK 1:30-31, And the angel said unto her, "Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS."
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MAT 1:20, But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, " Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost."

 

 

288. Jesus' family and friends did / did not know that God had honored him.

MAT 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 21  And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

LUK 1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. 28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. 29  And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. 30  And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
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MAR 3:20 And the multitude cometh together again, so that they could not so much as eat bread. 21  And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on him: for they said, He is beside himself.

MAR 6:4, But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house.

 

 

289. The Holy Ghost was given before / after Jesus' birth.

LUK 1:31, And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. ... 41 And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: .. 67 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied ....
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JOH 7:37-39, In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, "If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water." (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)

 

 

290. Jesus was Messiah at conception / at birth / after baptism / at his resurrection / after resurrection.*

LUK 1:35, Immediately after conception: "... that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God."

LUK 2:11, At birth: "unto you is born this day ... a savior, which is Christ the Lord."

ACT 1:22, After his baptism: "Beginning from the baptism of John ...."

ACT 2:36, At the resurrection, "... God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ."

ACT 13:33, After the resurrection "... as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee."
ROM 1:3,  "... declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead"

* These contradictions are from Bart Ehrman in Jesus Interrupted. - p.b.

 

 

291. Jesus was born when Herod was king [37-4 BCE] / Quirinius was governor of Syria [6-7 CE].

MAT 2:1, Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
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LUK 2:1, And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) ... 7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

 

 

292. Joseph and Mary lived in Nazareth / Bethlehem.

LUK 1:26-27, And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.

LUK 2:4-5, And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city ofNazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.
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MAT 2:1, Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem* of Judaea in the days of Herod the king,

*Matthew gives no reason for Joseph and Mary being in Bethlehem, so it's reasonable to suppose that they lived there. - p.b.

 

 

293. Jesus was born in Bethlehem / Galilee.

MAT 2:1, Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
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JOH 7:41, Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Shall Christ come out of Galilee? 42 Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

 

 

294. Jesus' hometown was Capernaum / Bethlehem / Nazareth.

MAR 2:1  When Jesus returned to Capernaum after some days, it became known that he was at home. (NAB)
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MAT 2:1 When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, .... (NAB)

JOH 4:3 ... he left Judea and returned to Galilee. He had to pass through Samaria ... 43 After the two days, he left there for Galilee. 44 For Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor in native place. (NAB)
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LUK 4:14 Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news of him spread throughout the whole region. 15 He taught in their synagogues and was praised by all. 16 He came to Nazareth, where he had grown up, .... 24 And he said, "Amen, I say to you, no prophet is accepted in his own native place." (NAB)

 

 

295. The city of David was Zion / Bethlehem.

2SAM 5:7, Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.

[SEE ALSO: 1KIN 8:1, 2KIN 14:20, 1CHR 11:5, & 2CHR 5:2]

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LUK 2:4, And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) ... 11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

 

 

296. John the Baptist was / was not born before Jesus.

LUK 1:13, But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. ... 24 And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying, ... 26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. ... 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
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JOH 1:30. This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: forhe was before me.

JOH 8:58, Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

 

 

297. Herod did / did not have killed all children under two years old.

MAT 2:16, Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
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LUK 1:13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. ... 24 And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived.... 26 And in the sixth month* the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. ... 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.

LUK 3:2 ... the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. 3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins;

* If Jesus was conceived only six months after John, John should have been caught in Herod's dragnet when he was under two years old. Yet he obviously lived to adulthood.

 

 

298. Joseph, Mary and Jesus first went to Egypt / Jerusalem. [B, 69; H, 413]

MAT 2:14-15, When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: And was there until the death of Herod:
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LUK 2:21-22, And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, who was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb. And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; ... 39 And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.

 

 

299. John the Baptist was / was not Elijah. [B, 64; H, 347]

MAT 11:13-14, For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, who was for to come.

MAT 17:12-13, But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist.
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JOH 1:19-21, And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, "Who art thou?" And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, "I am not the Christ." And they asked him, "What then? Art thou Elias?" And he saith, "I am not." " Art thou that prophet?" And he answered, "No."

 

 

300. John the Baptist baptized in the Jordan / Bethabara.

MAT 3:4, And the same John had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey. 5 Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan, 6 And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins.

MAR 1:9, And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan.
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JOH 1:28, These things were done in Bethabara* beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.

* "on the east bank of the Jordan river" and "Most other English versions (including the Douay-Rheims, NIV, NASB, NLT, RSV, IBS, and Darby) call it 'Bethany'." - Wikipedia
BUT
"Bethany has traditionally been identified with the present-day West Bank city of al-Eizariya (Arabic, meaning "Place of Lazarus"), site of the reputed Tomb of Lazarus, located about 1.5 miles (2 km) to the east of Jerusalem on the south-eastern slope of the Mount of Olives." - Wikipedia
[Both quotes are from the article "Bethany (Biblical village)."]

See “The Identification of Bethany Beyond the Jordan” by J. Carl Laney for a long discussion of this issue. (This links to a PDF file, which can be read online or downloaded.)

See also:
http://www.godrules.net/library/naves/naves25.htm and
http://www.christusrex.org/www1/ofm/mad/discussion/018discuss.html (this one includes a map).

 

 

301. The Pharisees were / were not baptized by John.

MAT 3:7, But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, "O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? ... 11, I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire."
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LUK 7:29-30, And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John. But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him....

 

 

302. Jesus was baptized by John / anonymously, before / after John was imprisoned.

MAR 1:9, And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. ... 14 Now after that John was put in prison,....
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LUK 3:19-22, But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison. Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, "Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased."

 

 

303. Jesus / John saw the spirit descending.

MAT 3:16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:
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JOH 1:32 And John bare record, saying, "I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him."

 

 

304. God did / did not address Jesus at his baptism.

MAR 1:11, And there came a voice from heaven, saying, "Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."

LUK 3:22, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, "Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased."
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MAT 3:17, And lo a voice from heaven, saying, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."

 

 

305. John's disciples had / had not heard of the Holy Ghost.

MAT 3:11, I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire....

MAR 1:8, I indeed have baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.

LUK 3:16, John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire

JOH 1:33,  And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
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ACT19:1, And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, 2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost. 3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism..

 

 

306. John knew Jesus was the Messiah before / after he was imprisoned.

JOH 1:29-31, The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water" ... 3:24 For John was not yet cast into prison.
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MAT 11:2-3, Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples, And said unto him, "Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?"

 

 

307. John the Baptist did / did not know Jesus before his baptism.
308. John the Baptist did / did not know Jesus after his baptism.

DID KNOW HIM BEFORE (THEREFORE, ALSO KNEW HIM AFTER)
MAT 3:13,  Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him. 14 But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? 15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him. 16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: ....
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DID NOT KNOW HIM BEFORE
JOH 1:32, And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. 33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
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DID NOT KNOW HIM AFTER
MAT 11:1-3, And it came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of commanding his twelve disciples, he departed thence to teach and to preach in their cities. Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples, And said unto him, "Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?"

 

 

309. After his baptism Jesus went to the wilderness / Galilee. [B, 70]

MAR 1:9, ... Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. ... 11 And there came a voice from heaven, saying, "Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." 12 And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. 13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, ....
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JOH 1:32, And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. ... 43 The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and findeth Philip, and saith unto him, "Follow me." ....

 

 

310. The devil took Jesus first to the pinnacle of the temple / mountain top.

MAT 4:5, Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
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LUK 4:5, And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.

 

 

311. Jesus began his ministry before / after John was imprisoned. [B, 72]

JOH 2:11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him. ... 15 And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple,... and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables;

JOH 3:22-24, After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea; and there he tarried with them, and baptized. And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized. For John was not yet cast into prison.
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MAT 4:12, Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee; ... 17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

 

 

312. Peter learned that Jesus was the Christ from God / his brother Andrew.

MAT 16:15-17, He saith unto them, "But whom say ye that I am?" And Simon Peter answered and said, "Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God." And Jesus answered and said unto him, "Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven."
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JOH 1:40-41, One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, "We have found the Messias," which is, being interpreted, the Christ.

 

 

313. Jesus called Simon and Andrew after / before John was imprisoned.

MAR 1:14, Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, ... 16 Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 17 And Jesus said unto them, "Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men." 18 And straightway they forsook their nets, and followed him.
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JOH 1:40 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. 41 He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, "We have found the Messias," which is, being interpreted, the Christ. 42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, "Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas," which is by interpretation, A stone.

JOH 3:24 For John was not yet cast into prison.

 

 

314. Jesus called Simon and Andrew at the sea of Galilee / Bethabara.
315. Simon and Andrew followed Jesus as he walked by / after he filled their ships with fish / after Andrew spent a day with him.[H, 407]

MAR 1:16-18, Now as he walked by thesea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. And Jesus said unto them, "Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men." And straightway they forsook their nets, and followed him.
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LUK 5:1-11, And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret,* 2 And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets. ... 4 Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught. ... 6 And when they had this done, they inclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake. And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they began to sink. ... 10 ... And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men. 11 And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all, and followed him.
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JOH 1:28, These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing. ... 35 Again the next day ... 39 ... They came and saw where he dwelt, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour. 40 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. 41 He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ. 42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.

* The Sea of Galilee and the Lake of Gennesaret refer to the same body of water. - p.b.

 


© R. Paul Buchman 2010-2011