GENEALOGY - I:

ADAM to DAVID

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

This section gave me the most difficulty. That's because the genealogy sections of 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings, and 1 & 2 Chronicles are often in disagreement, full of internal inconsistencies, and trace the ancestors and descendants of so many different people. Also, certain names were very popular and, just as in later times, tended to be reused within families and elsewhere.

For example, in the matter of the kings of Israel and Judah, both nations had kings named Ahaziah, Jehoash, Jehoahaz, and Jehoram. Two kings of Judah and one king of Israel all had sons named Jehoahaz, two of whom became kings themselves. In some cases, the son of a king used one name as a prince, then took another name when he became king.

Some of the genealogical information is simply garbled and nearly impossible to straighten out with certainty, at least for a non-expert like me. I had to use several reference works, including several different Bible translations, to help me, and this section may still contain errors. Therefore, read it with caution. - p.b.

 

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533. Genealogies in scripture should be avoided / heeded

1TIM 1:4, Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do.

TIT 3:9, But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.
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2TIM 3:16, All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

[SEE ALSO: GEN 5, GEN 10-11, & 1CHR 1-9 for many genealogies, and MAT 1:1-16 & LUK 3:23-38 for Jesus' genealogies. - p.b.]

 

 

534. Everyone is / is not descended from Adam and Eve.

GEN 3:20, And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.
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HEB 7:1,  For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 2  To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; 3  Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

 

 

535. Adam / Satan was the father of Cain.

GEN 4:1, And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain....
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1JOH 3:12, Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one....

 

 

536. Enoch was the sixth / seventh generation from Adam.

GEN 5:3, And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth[1]: ... 6 And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos[2]: ... 9 And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan[3]: ... 12 And Cainan lived seventy years, and begat Mahalaleel[4]: ... 15 And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared[5]: ... 18 And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch[6]:
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JUDE 1:14, And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

 

 

537. Aram / Shem was the father of Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash/Meshech.

GEN 10:22, The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. 23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
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1CHR 1:17, The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.<

 

 

538. Salah's father was Arphaxad / Cainan. [B, 66]

GEN 10:24, And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber. 25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. (KJV)

GEN 11:12, And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah: (KJV)
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LUK 3:35, Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala, 36 Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, (KJV)

GEN 11:12, And Arphaxad lived one hundred thirty-five years and became the father of Kainan. 13 And Arphaxad lived after he became the father of Kainan four hundred thirty years and had sons and daughters and died. And Kainan lived one hundred thirty years and became the father of Sala.* (LXX)

* In LXX this sequence is also found in GEN 10:24, but Kainan is omitted in 1SUP [CHR] 1:17, 24-25. - p.b.

 

 

539. Lot was Abram's nephew / brother.

GEN 14:12, And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.
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GEN 14:14, And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. ... 16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.

 

 

540. Laban was Nahor's son / grandson.

GEN 29:5, And he said unto them, "Know ye Laban the son of Nahor?" (KJV)

[NOTE: The NIV says, “Do you know Laban, Nahor’s grandson?" - p.b.]

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GEN 24:15*, And it came to pass, before he had done speaking, that, behold, Rebekah came out, who was born to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother, with her pitcher upon her shoulder. ... 29 And Rebekah had a brother, and his name was Laban** ... (KJV)

* Nahor + Milcah > Bethuel; Bethuel + ? > Rebecca, Laban. - p.b.
** The KJV, LXX, NAB, OAB, and TAN all agree on this translation. The NIV is the only Bible I've consulted in which this is not a contradiction. - p.b.

 

 

541. Bashemath was the daughter of Elon / Ishmael.

GEN 26:34, And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite:
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GEN 36:2-3, Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; And Bashemath Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebajoth.

 

 

542. Anah was the son / daughter / brother of Zibeon. [H, 321] (Another sexual identity issue.)
543. Zibeon was a Hivite / Horite.
[H, 321]

GEN 36:24, And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father./P>

1CHR 1:40, The sons of Shobal; Alian, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah.
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GEN 36:2, Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite ; ... 14 And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.
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GEN 36:20, These are the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah,

1CHR 1:38, And the sons of Seir Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan.<

 

 

544. Eliphaz had six / seven sons.
545. Timna was the concubine / son of Eliphaz. (And yet another sexual identity issue!)
546. Korah's father was Esau / Eliphaz.

GEN 36:11-12, And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman[1], Omar[2], Zepho[3], and Gatam[4], and Kenaz[5]. And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek [6] :these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife.

GEN 36:14-16, And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman[1], duke Omar[2], duke Zepho[3], duke Kenaz[4], duke Korah [5], duke Gatam[6], and duke Amalek [7]: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.

1CHR 1:36, ... The sons of Eliphaz; Teman[1], and Omar[2], Zephi[3], and Gatam[4], Kenaz[5], and Timna[6], and Amalek [7].

 

 

547. Zerubbabel had five / seven sons.

1CHR 3:19  And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam[1], and Hananiah[2], and Shelomith their sister: 20 And Hashubah[3], and Ohel[4], and Berechiah[5], and Hasadiah[6], Jushabhesed[7], five.

 

 

548. Simeon had five / six sons.

1CHR 4:24, The sons of Simeon were, Nemuel[1], and Jamin[2], Jarib[3], Zerah[4], and Shaul[5]:

NUM 26:12 The sons of Simeon after their families: of Nemuel[1], the family of the Nemuelites: of Jamin[2], the family of the Jaminites: of Jachin[3], the family of the Jachinites: 13 Of Zerah[4], the family of the Zarhites: of Shaul,[5] the family of the Shaulites.
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GEN 46:10, And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel[1], and Jamin[2], and Ohad[3], and Jachin[4], and Zohar[5], and Shaul[6] the son of a Canaanitish woman.

[SEE ALSO: EXO 6:15]

 

 

549. The sons of Gad included Ezbon / Ozni.

GEN 46:16, And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli. (KJV, NAB, and TAN)

[GEN 46:16, And the sons of Gad: Saphon and Haggis and Saunis and Thasoban and Aedis and Aroedis and Arielis. (LXX)]
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NUM 26:15-17, The children of Gad after their families: of Zephon, the family of the Zephonites: of Haggi, the family of the Haggites: of Shuni, the family of the Shunites: Of Ozni, the family of the Oznites: of Eri, the family of the Erites: Of Arod, the family of the Arodites: of Areli, the family of the Arelites. (KJV, NAB, TAN)

[NUM 26:24 {15}, The sons of Gad according to their divisions: to Zaphon, ... to Haggi, ... to Souni, ... to Azeni, ... to Addi, ... to Aroadi, ... to Arieli.... (LXX)]

 

 

550. Asher had three / four sons.

NUM 26:44, Of the children of Asher after their families: of Jimna[1], the family of the Jimnites: of Jesui[2], the family of the Jesuites: of Beriah [3], the family of the Beriites. ....
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GEN 46:17, And the sons of Asher; Jimnah[1], and Ishuah[2], and Isui[3] and Beriah[4]....

1CHR 7:30, The sons of Asher; Imnah, and Isuah, and Ishuai, and Beriah....

 

 

551. Benjamin had 3 / 5 / 10 sons.
552. Benjamin's sons did / did not include Ard, Ehi, Gera, Jediael, Muppim, Naaman, Nohah, Rapha, Rosh, and Shupham.

1CHR 7:6, The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher, and Jediaelthree.
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1CHR 8:1, Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, and Aharah the third, 2 Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.

NUM 26:38, The sons of Benjamin after their families: of Bela[1], the family of the Belaites: of Ashbel[2], the family of the Ashbelites: of Ahiram[3] the family of the Ahiramites:  39, Of Shupham[4] the family of the Shuphamites: of Hupham [5] the family of the Huphamites. 40 And the sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: of Ard, the family of the Ardites: and of Naaman, the family of the Naamites.
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GEN 46:21, And the sons of Benjamin were Belah[1], and Becher[2], and Ashbel[3], Gera[4], and Naaman[5], Ehi[6], and Rosh[7], Muppim[8],and Huppim[9], and Ard [10].

[NOTES:
(1) # 552 assumes that Aharah and Ahiram are one and the same person, and that Hupham and Huppim are also one person.
(2) The names in red are mentioned in only one verse. The others are mentioned in at least two verses. - p.b.]

 

 

553. Naaman and Ard were the sons / grandsons of Benjamin.

GEN 46:21, And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.
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NUM 26:40, And the sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: of Ard, the family of the Ardites: and of Naaman, the family of the Naamites.

 

 

554. Mahli was the son of Levi / Merari.

EZR 8:18, And by the good hand of our God upon us they brought us a man of understanding, of the sons of Mahli, the son of Levi, the son of Israel;
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NUM 3:20, And the sons of Merari by their families; Mahli, and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to the house of their fathers.

[NOTES:
(1) Levi's sons are named in GEN 46:11; EXO 6:16; NUM 3:17; 1CHR 6:1, 6:16, & 23:6, but EZR 8:18 is the only verse that includes Mahli.
(2) SEE: 1CHR 6:19, 6:29, 23:21 & 24:26, for more statements that Merari had a son named Mahli.
(3) SEE: 1CHR 6:47, 23:23 & 24:30, for statements that Merari's other son, Mushi, also had a son named Mahli. - p.b.]

 

 

555. Moses' father-in-law was Reuel / Jethro / Hobab. [H, 354]
556. Hobab was Moses' brother in law / father in law.

EXO 2:16-21, Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock. And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day? And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock. And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread. And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. (KJV)
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NUM 10:29, Moses said to his brother-in-law Hobab , son of Reuel the Midianite, “We are setting out for the place which the LORD has promised to give us. …. (NAB)
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EXO 3:1, Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian …. (KJV)
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JUDG 4:11, Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh.* (KJV)

* "Now Heber the Kenite had left the other Kenites, the descendants of Hobab Moses’ brother-in-law, and pitched his tent by the great tree in Zaanannim near Kedesh." (NIV). (Italics mine.) - p.b.

 

 

557. Achan's father was Carmi / Zerah.
(This could also be worded: Zerah was Achan's great-grandfather / father.)

JOS 7:18, And he brought his household man by man; and Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah.
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JOS 7:24, And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.

 

 

558. Saul's grandfather was Abiel / Ner.

1SAM 9:1, Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power. 2 And he had a son, whose name was Saul....
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1CHR 8:33, And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.

 

 

559. Ner was Saul's uncle / grandfather.

1SAM 14:50, And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. 51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.
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1CHR 9:35, And in Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jehiel, whose wife's name was Maachah: 36 And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Ner, and Nadab, ... 39 And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.

 

 

560. Mephibosheth (Meribbaal) was Saul's son / grandson.

2SAM 19:24, And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, (KJV, OAB)

2SAM 19:25, Meribbaal, son of Saul, also went down to meet the king. (NAB)
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2SAM 9:6, Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant! (KJV, OAB)

2SAM 9:6, When Meribbaal, son of Jonathan, son of Saul, came to David, he fell prostrate in homage. David said, "Meribbaal," and he answered, "Your servant." (NAB)

[NOTES:
(1) This is a contradiction only in the KJV, OAB and NAB. The TAN, NIV and LXX all say that Mephibosheth was Saul's grandson in 2SAM 19:24 and 25.
(2) This contradiction assumes that Mephibosheth and Meribbaal are one and the same person. In the Old Testament "bosheth" is sometimes substituted for the name of a non-Hebrew god, such as Baal. - p.b.]

 

 

561. Michal had no child / five sons. [B, 100]

2SAM 6:23, Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.
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2SAM 21:8, But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal* the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:

* "Michal" probably should be "Merab" in this verse. Merab was Michal's sister, who was married to Adriel.. - p.b.]

 

 

562. Jesse had seven / eight sons.

1CHR 2:13-15, And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, David the seventh: (KJV)
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1SAM 17:12, Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. (KJV)

 

 

563. The sons of David born in Hebron included Daniel / Chileab.

1CHR 3:1, Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel*, of Abigail the Carmelitess: 2 The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith: 3 The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife. 4 These six were born unto him in Hebron;.... (KJV)
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2SAM 3:2, And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 3 And his second, Chileab*, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron. (KJV)

* The TAN, OAB and NAB all say "Chileab" in 2SAM. The LXX renders it "Dalouia." LXX, NAB, OAB, & TAN agree with the KJV's "Daniel" in 1CHR. This verse is the only mention of Chileab in the KJV. - p.b.

 

 

564. Eleven / Thirteen sons were born to David in Jerusalem. [H, 332]

2SAM 5:14-16, And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua[1], and Shobab[2], and Nathan[3], and Solomon[4], Ibhar[5] also, and Elishua[6], and Nepheg[7], and Japhia[8], And Elishama[9], and Eliada[10], and Eliphalet [11].

[NOTE: These verses omit Nogah and the 2nd Eliphalet found in 1CHR 3 & 14. - p.b.]

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1CHR 14:3-7,  And David took more wives at Jerusalem: and David begat more sons and daughters. Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua[1], and Shobab[2], Nathan[3], and Solomon[4], And Ibhar[5], and Elishua[6], and Elpalet[7], And Nogah[8], and Nepheg[9], and Japhia[10], And Elishama[11], and Beeliada[12], and Eliphalet [13].

[NOTE: This contradiction assumes that Eliada and Beeliada are one & the same person. 1CHR 3:5-9 lists the same thirteen as in 1CHR 14:3. - p.b.]

 



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