GOD'S LAWS - III:

Priests, Rituals

 

 

738. God required / disregarded the day of atonement. [H, 223]

LEV 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. 28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God. 29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.
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1KIN 8:65 And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days. 66 On the eighth day he sent the people away: and they blessed the king, and went unto their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that the LORD had done for David his servant, and for Israel his people.

2CHR 7:10 And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month* he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people. 11 Thus Solomon finished the house of the LORD, and the king's house: and all that came into Solomon's heart to make in the house of the LORD, and in his own house, he prosperously effected. 12 And the LORD appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice.

* The fourteen day feast began on the 9th because it lasted until the 23rd. Therefore, the sacred 10th of the month was included during this feast. - p.b.

 

 

739. Unleavened bread should be eaten six / seven days during passover.

DEU 16:8, Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD thy God: thou shalt do no work therein.
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DEU 16:3, Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.

 

 

740. Males must / need not appear before God in Jerusalem 3 times a year.

EXO 34:23 Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel.
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JOH 4:20 Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. 21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.

 

 

741. First-born sons must be dedicated to God / redeemed. [H, 224]

EXO 13:1 The LORD spoke to Moses and said, 2 "Consecrate to me every first-born that opens the womb among the Israelites, both of man and beast, for it belongs to me." (NAB)

EXO 22:29 ... the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me. (KJV)
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EXO 13:13 "... Every first-born son you must redeem." (NAB)

 

 

742. A nazarite must / need not purify himself after being near the dead.

NUM 6:6 As long as he is dedicated to the LORD, he shall not enter where a dead person is. 7 Not even for his father or mother, his sister or brother, should they die, may he become unclean, since his head bears his dedication to God. 8 As long as he is a nazarite he is sacred to the LORD. If someone dies very suddenly in his presence, so that his dedicated head becomes unclean, he shall shave his head on the day of his purification, that is, on the seventh day. (NAB)
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JUDG 15:8, And with repeated blows, he inflicted a great slaughter on them. Then he went down and remained in a cavern on the cliff of Elam. ... 15 Near him was the fresh jawbone of an ass; he reached out, grasped it, and with it killed a thousand men. 16 Then Samson said, "With the jawbone of an ass I have piled them in a heap; with the jawbone of an ass I have slain a thousand men." (NAB)

JUDG 16:17, So he took her completely into his confidence and told her, "No razor has touched my head, for I have been consecrated to God from my mother's womb. If I am shaved, my strength will leave me, and I shall be as weak as any other man!" (NAB)

 

 

743. Firstlings should / should not be sanctified.[H, 225]

DEU 15:19 All the firstling males that come of thy herd and of thy flock thou shalt sanctify unto the LORD thy God:....
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LEV 27:26 Only the firstling of the beasts, which should be the LORD'S firstling, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox, or sheep: it is the LORD'S.

 

 

744. Firstlings are to be consumed by the priests / those who offer them. [H, 296]

NUM 18:8, The LORD said to Aaron, "I myself have given you charge of the contributions made to me in the various sacred offerings of the Israelites; by perpetual ordinance I have assigned them to you and to your sons as your priestly share. 9 You shall have the right to share in the oblations that are most sacred, in whatever they off me ... 10 In eating them you shall treat them as most sacred; every male among you may partake of them.... " (NAB)
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DEU 12:17, "... you shall not, in your own communities, partake of your tithe of grain or wine or oil, of the first-born of your herd or flock, of any offering you have vowed, ... 18 These you must eat before the LORD, your God, in the place he chooses, ...." (NAB)

 

 

745. Jews may / may not redeem the first born of their animals. [H, 224]

DEU 14:22 Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year. 23 And thou shalt eat before the LORD thy God, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herds and of thy flocks; that thou mayest learn to fear the LORD thy God always. 24 And if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it; or if the place be too far from thee, which the LORD thy God shall choose to set his name there, when the LORD thy God hath blessed thee: 25 Then shalt thou turn it into money, and bind up the money in thine hand, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: 26 And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household,
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NUM 18:17 But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, thou shalt not redeem; they are holy: thou shalt sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shalt burn their fat for an offering made by fire, for a sweet savour unto the LORD.

 

 

746. The produce of the seventh year is for the poor / owner. [H, 297]

EXO 23:10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: 11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard.
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LEV 25:4 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. 5 That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land. 6 And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee....

 

 

747. The poor should / should not be favored. [H,296]

PSA 41:1 Blessed is he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble. (KJV)

PRO 14:21 He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he. (KJV)
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EXO 23:3 You shall not favor a poor man in his lawsuit. (NAB)

 

 

748. God did / did not command the Israelites to make him burnt offerings. [B, 17; H, 235]

EXO 29:1, And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish, ... 13 And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar. 14 But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering. ... 18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

[SEE ALSO: GEN 4:4, 8:20-21, 15:9-10; EXO 20:24, 29:11-37; LEV 1:5, 23:12-18; NUM 18:17-19; DEU 12:27.]

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JER7:22, For I spake not unto your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices:

ISA 1:11, To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.

[SEE ALSO: PSA 40:6, 50:13, 51:16; ISA 66:3; JER 6:20; MIC 6:6-7; MAT 9:13, 12:7.]

 

 

749. God does / does not accept human sacrifices. [B, 18; H, 237]

JUDG 11:30 And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, 31 Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering. 32 So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the LORD delivered them into his hands. ... 34 And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter. ... 39 And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her according to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man....

EZE 20:25-26, "Wherefore I gave them also statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live; And I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through the fire all that openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, to the end that they might know that I am the LORD."

[SEE ALSO: GEN 22:1-2; JOS 7:24; 2SAM 21:8-14]

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2KIN 21:6 And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

[SEE ALSO: LEV 18:21, 20:2; DEU 12:29-31; 2KIN 16:3; 2CHR 28:3; PSA 106:37; JER 19:5, 32:35]

 

 

750. Non-Levites may / may not offer sacrifices to God.

1SAM 1:1, Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah ... 2 an Ephrathite: And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah. ... 20 Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel.
1SAM 7:9, And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the LORD: and Samuel cried unto the LORD for Israel; and the LORD heard him.

1KIN 8:63 And Solomon offered a sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered unto the LORD, two and twenty thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of the LORD.
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NUM 18:6, And I, behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you they are given as a gift for the LORD, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. 7 Therefore thou and thy sons with thee shall keep your priest's office for everything of the altar, and within the vail; and ye shall serve ....

 

 

751. The new moon sacrifice includes 1 bullock, 6 lambs / 2 bullocks, 7 lambs.

EZE 46:6, And in the day of the new moon it shall be a young bullock without blemish, and six lambs, and a ram: they shall be without blemish.
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NUM 28:11, And in the beginnings of your months ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot;

 

 

752. The offering should be 13 / 11 animals. [H, 384]

LEV 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD. ... 18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD. 19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
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NUM 28:26 Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the LORD, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: 27 But ye shall offer the burnt offering for a sweet savour unto the LORD; two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of the first year; 28 And their meat offering of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto one bullock, two tenth deals unto one ram, 29 A several tenth deal unto one lamb, throughout the seven lambs; 30 And one kid of the goats, to make an atonement for you.

 

 

753. The offering for a sin of ignorance is a bullock only / and a kid. [H, 241]

LEV 4:13 And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty; 14 When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation.
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NUM 15:24 Then it shall be, if ought be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall offer one young bullock for a burnt offering, ... and one kid of the goats for a sin offering.

 

 

754. The blood should be sprinkled / poured on the altar. [H, 219]

LEV 3:2 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron's sons the priests shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
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DEU 12:27 And thou shalt offer thy burnt offerings, the flesh and the blood, upon the altar of the LORD thy God: and the blood of thy sacrifices shall be poured out upon the altar of the LORD thy God, and thou shalt eat the flesh.

 

 

755. The blood should be poured out upon the earth / and covered with dust. [H,220]

DEU 12:23 Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh. 24 Thou shalt not eat it; thou shalt pour it upon the earth as water.
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LEV 17:13 And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.

 

 

756. Animal sacrifices do / do not atone for sin. [H, 236]

LEV 4:26 And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall make an atonement for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.

LEV 17:11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.

NUM 29:5 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering, to make an atonement for you:
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HEB 10:11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, who can never take away sins:

 

 

757. The priests should be Aaron's sons / Levites. [H, 356*]

LEV 1:5,8,11 And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. ... And the priests, Aaron's sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar: ... And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar.

NUM 3:9  And thou shalt give the Levites unto Aaron and to his sons: they are wholly given unto him out of the children of Israel ... 10  And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office

NUM 6:23 Speak unto Aaron and unto his sons, saying, On this wise ye shall bless the children of Israel, saying unto them,
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DEU 18:1,7 The priests the Levites and all the tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel: they shall eat the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and his inheritance. ... Then he shall minister in the name of the LORD his God, as all his brethren the Levites do, which stand there before the LORD.

DEU 33:8 And of Levi he said, ... 10 They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar.

*This contradiction also can be found in Kugel, p.314. - p.b.

 

 

758. The priest's portion of the offering is shoulder and breast / cheeks and maw.

LEV 7:30 His own hands shall bring the offerings of the LORD made by fire, the fat with the breast, it shall he bring, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before the LORD. 31 And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'. 32 And the right shoulder shall ye give unto the priest for an heave offering of the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
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DEU 18:3 And this shall be the priest's due from the people, from them that offer a sacrifice, whether it be ox or sheep; and they shall give unto the priest the shoulder, and the two cheeks, and the maw.

 

 

759. Levite's were / were not to have a fixed residence. [H, 288]

NUM 35:2 Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and ye shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them. ... 7 So all the cities which ye shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight cities: them shall ye give with their suburbs.
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DEU 14:27 And the Levite that is within thy gates; thou shalt not forsake him; for he hath no part nor inheritance with thee.

 

 

760. Levites did / did not have a revenue. [H, 289]

NUM 18:21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. ... 24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.
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DEU 14:28 At the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay it up within thy gates: 29 And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hand which thou doest.

 

 

761. A Levite's service should begin at age 20 / 25 / 30. [H, 422]

CHR 23:24  These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.

2CHR 31:17  Both to the genealogy of the priests by the house of their fathers, and the Levites from twenty years old and upward, in their charges by their courses;
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NUM 8:24, This is it that belongeth unto the Levites: from twenty and five years old and upward they shall go in to wait upon the service of the tabernacle of the congregation:
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NUM 4:3, From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter into the host, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation.

1CHR 23:3 Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand

 

 

762. The poles of the ark may never / sometimes be withdrawn. [H, 242]

EXO 25:14-15 These poles you are to put through the rings on the sides of the ark, for carrying it; they must remain in the rings of the ark and never be withdrawn. (NAB)
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NUM 4:5-6 In breaking camp, Aaron and his sons shall go in and take down the screening curtain and cover the ark of the commandments with it. Over these they shall put a cover of tahash skin, and on top of this spread an all-violet cloth. They shall then put the poles in place. (NAB)

 

© R. Paul Buchman 2010-2011